Dartmouth, May 1964 – The original BASIC computer programming language turns 50 years old this month! It’s hard to believe that it was only 16 when I wrote my first program on punch tape for a Data General Eclipse. I’m feeling old but, in the spirit of history, here’s a summary of the life of BASIC and a little bit on my relationship to it (yeah, yeah, yeah… I know that only I care about the latter but, hey, it’s my blog :-) )
1964 – Dartmouth BASIC by J.G Kemeney & T. E. Kurtz @ Dartmouth College
1969 – Dartmouth BASIC fifth version by J.G Kemeney & T. E. Kurtz @ Dartmouth College
1970 – General Electric ships the fifth version of (Dartmouth) BASIC with their systems.
1971 -BASIC the Sixth by J.G Kemeney & T. E. Kurtz @ Dartmouth College
1974 – ANSI committees form to standardize both minimal BASIC and Standard BASIC.
1975 – TinyBASIC by B. Albrecht & D. Allison (takes only 2K of memory and is loaded from a punch tape and Altair BASIC is introduced by Bill Gates and Paul Allen
1976 – Bill Gates writes “An Open Letter to Hobbyists” complaining that Altair BASIC was being copied all over the place before Microsoft even made it available. This is the first ever case of software piracy!
1977 – Commodore BASIC was developed by Microsoft for the Commodore PET computer. This was my first computer!
1978 – ANSI issued the Minimal BASIC specification (ANSI X3.60-1978)
1981 - I wrote my first BASIC program on a Data General Eclipse I found in a storeroom at CalArts. It was called “RMUSIC” for “Recursive Music” (hence my license plate on my Volvo). The program resulted in a sadly un-singable vocal piece of the same name for my friend Liz Lindenfeld, MS-DOS 1.0 ships with BASICA on August 12th and GW-BASIC is introduced.
1982 IBM releases BASCOM 1.0 and I wrote my first BASIC program to profile the Acoustics is a theater space on my Commodore PET.
1983 – J.G Kemeney & T. E. Kurtz release TrueBASIC based on Dartmouth BASIC 7.0 and Microsoft releases the BASIC Compiler v5.35 for MS-DOS
1984 – Microsoft BASIC Compiler 5.36 is released and the ISO issues ISO 6373-1984 for the Minimal BASIC and Microsoft releases BASIC for the Apple Macintosh
1985 – Microsoft releases QuickBASIC 1.0, IBM releases BASCOM 2.0, and Commodore BASIC is introduced on the Commodore 128
1986 Microsoft QuickBASIC has 3 releases for the Mac
1987 Microsoft QuickBASIC has 3 more releases for the Mac and releases Microsoft BASIC 6.0, ANSI issues the Standard BASIC specification (X3.113-1987), and Borland releases Turbo BASIC.
1988 – Microsoft QuickBASIC has 4 more releases for the Mac
1989 – Microsoft BASIC Professional 7.0 is released
1990 – Microsoft BASIC Professional 7.1 is released and PowerBASIC Inc. forms fro the development of Borland Turbo BASIC
1991 – Microsoft ships QBasic 1.0 with MS-DOS 5.0; the ISO issues ISO 10279-1991 for Full BASIC; Microsoft ships QuickBASIC 1.0e for the Mac; Microsoft ships Visual Basic 1.0 for Windows
1992 – Microsoft Visual Basic 2.0 and VB version 2.0 for Windows
1993 – Microsoft ships VB 3, VB 1.0 for Project and Excel, and QBasic for DOS
1995 – Microsoft ships Visual Basic 4.0
1997 – Microsoft ships Visual Basic 5.0
1998 – Microsoft ships Visual Basic 6.0
2002 – Microsoft ships Visual Basic .NET 7.0 and DarkBASIC - brings DirectX 9 into the BASIC world
PLEASE post comments on this post if you find errors or omissions.